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Installation (Ubuntu)

Goal: Install the webots_ros2 package and run simulation examples on Ubuntu.

Tutorial level: Advanced

Time: 10 minutes


The webots_ros2 package provides an interface between ROS 2 and Webots. It includes several sub-packages, including webots_ros2_driver, which allows you to start Webots and communicate with it. This interface is used in most of the following tutorials, so it is required to install it beforehand. Other sub-packages are mainly examples that show multiple possible implementations using the interface. In this tutorial, you are going to install the package and learn how to run one of these examples.


It is recommended to understand basic ROS principles covered in the beginner Tutorials. In particular, Creating a workspace and Creating a package are useful prerequisites.

The Webots software should be installed in order to use the webots_ros2 interface. You can follow the installation procedure or build it from sources.

Alternatively, you can also let webots_ros2 download and install Webots automatically. This option appears when you launch an example of the package and no Webots installation is found.

Multiple Installations of Webots

If you have installed different versions of Webots on your computer, webots_ros2 will look for Webots at the following locations (in this order):

  1. If the ROS2_WEBOTS_HOME environment variable is set, ROS 2 will use the Webots in this folder, regardless of its version.

  2. If the WEBOTS_HOME environment variable is set, ROS 2 will use the Webots in this folder, regardless of its version.

  3. If none of these variables is set, webots_ros2 will look for Webots in the default installation paths for a compatible version: /usr/local/webots and /snap/webots/current/usr/share/webots.

  4. If Webots couldn’t be found, webots_ros2 will show a window offering the automatic installation of the latest compatible version of Webots.


1 Install webots_ros2

You can either install the official released package, or install it from the latest up-to-date sources from Github.

Run the following command in a terminal.

sudo apt-get install ros-humble-webots-ros2

2 Launch the webots_ros2_universal_robot example

The following instructions explain how to start a provided example.

First source the ROS 2 environment, if not done already.

source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash

Setting the WEBOTS_HOME environment variable allows you to start a specific Webots installation.

export WEBOTS_HOME=/usr/local/webots

If installed from sources, source your ROS 2 workspace, if not done already.

cd ~/ros2_ws
source install/local_setup.bash

Use the ROS 2 launch command to start demo packages (e.g. webots_ros2_universal_robot).

ros2 launch webots_ros2_universal_robot