You're reading the documentation for an older, but still supported, version of ROS 2. For information on the latest version, please have a look at Iron.
Ubuntu (Debian packages)
Table of Contents
Debian packages for ROS 2 Humble Hawksbill are currently available for Ubuntu Jammy.
Make sure you have a locale which supports
If you are in a minimal environment (such as a docker container), the locale may be something minimal like
We test with the following settings. However, it should be fine if you’re using a different UTF-8 supported locale.
locale # check for UTF-8 sudo apt update && sudo apt install locales sudo locale-gen en_US en_US.UTF-8 sudo update-locale LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8 LANG=en_US.UTF-8 export LANG=en_US.UTF-8 locale # verify settings
You will need to add the ROS 2 apt repository to your system.
First ensure that the Ubuntu Universe repository is enabled.
sudo apt install software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository universe
Now add the ROS 2 GPG key with apt.
sudo apt update && sudo apt install curl -y sudo curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.key -o /usr/share/keyrings/ros-archive-keyring.gpg
Then add the repository to your sources list.
echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/ros-archive-keyring.gpg] http://packages.ros.org/ros2/ubuntu $(. /etc/os-release && echo $UBUNTU_CODENAME) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros2.list > /dev/null
Update your apt repository caches after setting up the repositories.
sudo apt update
ROS 2 packages are built on frequently updated Ubuntu systems. It is always recommended that you ensure your system is up to date before installing new packages.
sudo apt upgrade
Due to early updates in Ubuntu 22.04 it is important that
udev-related packages are updated before installing ROS 2.
The installation of ROS 2’s dependencies on a freshly installed system without upgrading can trigger the removal of critical system packages.
Desktop Install (Recommended): ROS, RViz, demos, tutorials.
sudo apt install ros-humble-desktop
ROS-Base Install (Bare Bones): Communication libraries, message packages, command line tools. No GUI tools.
sudo apt install ros-humble-ros-base
Development tools: Compilers and other tools to build ROS packages
sudo apt install ros-dev-tools
Set up your environment by sourcing the following file.
# Replace ".bash" with your shell if you're not using bash # Possible values are: setup.bash, setup.sh, setup.zsh source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash
If you installed
ros-humble-desktop above you can try some examples.
In one terminal, source the setup file and then run a C++
source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash ros2 run demo_nodes_cpp talker
In another terminal source the setup file and then run a Python
source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash ros2 run demo_nodes_py listener
You should see the
talker saying that it’s
Publishing messages and the
I heard those messages.
This verifies both the C++ and Python APIs are working properly.
Continue with the tutorials and demos to configure your environment, create your own workspace and packages, and learn ROS 2 core concepts.
The ROS 1 bridge can connect topics from ROS 1 to ROS 2 and vice-versa. See the dedicated documentation on how to build and use the ROS 1 bridge.
The default middleware that ROS 2 uses is
Fast DDS, but the middleware (RMW) can be replaced at runtime.
See the guide on how to work with multiple RMWs.
Troubleshooting techniques can be found here.
If you need to uninstall ROS 2 or switch to a source-based install once you have already installed from binaries, run the following command:
sudo apt remove ~nros-humble-* && sudo apt autoremove
You may also want to remove the repository:
sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros2.list sudo apt update sudo apt autoremove # Consider upgrading for packages previously shadowed. sudo apt upgrade