You're reading the documentation for a version of ROS 2 that has reached its EOL (end-of-life), and is no longer officially supported. If you want up-to-date information, please have a look at Iron.
Installing ROS 2 on Linux
This page explains how to install ROS 2 on Linux from a pre-built binary package.
There are also Debian packages available.
We support Ubuntu Linux Bionic Beaver (18.04) and Ubuntu Xenial Xerus (16.04) on 64-bit x86 and 64-bit ARM.
Note: Ardent and beta versions supported Ubuntu Xenial Xerus 16.04.
You will need to add the ROS 2 apt repositories to your system. To do so, first authorize our GPG key with apt like this:
sudo apt update && sudo apt install curl gnupg2 lsb-release
curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.asc | sudo apt-key add -
And then add the repository to your sources list:
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture)] http://packages.ros.org/ros2/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros2-latest.list'
Download the latest package for Linux; let’s assume that it ends up at
.Note: there may be more than one binary download option which might cause the file name to differ.
mkdir -p ~/ros2_crystal cd ~/ros2_crystal tar xf ~/Downloads/ros2-crystal-linux-x86_64.tar.bz2
sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y python-rosdep
sudo rosdep init # if already initialized you may continue
Set your rosdistro according to the release you downloaded.
CHOOSE_ROS_DISTRO=crystal # or bouncy
rosdep install --from-paths ros2-linux/share --ignore-src --rosdistro $CHOOSE_ROS_DISTRO -y --skip-keys "console_bridge fastcdr fastrtps libopensplice67 libopensplice69 osrf_testing_tools_cpp poco_vendor rmw_connext_cpp rosidl_typesupport_connext_c rosidl_typesupport_connext_cpp rti-connext-dds-5.3.1 tinyxml_vendor tinyxml2_vendor urdfdom urdfdom_headers"
Optional: if you want to use the ROS 1<->2 bridge, then you must also install ROS 1. Follow the normal install instructions: https://wiki.ros.org/kinetic/Installation/Ubuntu
sudo apt install -y libpython3-dev
If you would like to use another DDS or RTPS vendor besides the default, eProsima’s Fast RTPS, you can find instructions here.
Set up your environment by sourcing the following file.
ROS 2 command line tools use argcomplete to autocompletion. So if you want autocompletion, installing argcomplete is necessary.
sudo apt install python3-argcomplete
Ubuntu 16.04 (argcomplete >= 0.8.5)
To install argcomplete
on Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial), you’ll need to use pip, because the version available through apt
will not work due to a bug in that version of argcomplete
sudo apt install python3-pip
sudo pip3 install argcomplete
In one terminal, source the setup file and then run a C++ talker
ros2 run demo_nodes_cpp talker
In another terminal source the setup file and then run a Python listener
ros2 run demo_nodes_py listener
You should see the talker
saying that it’s Publishing
messages and the listener
saying I heard
This verifies both the C++ and Python APIs are working properly.
See the tutorials and demos for other things to try.
If you have ROS 1 installed, you can try the ROS 1 bridge, by first sourcing your ROS 1 setup file.
We’ll assume that it is /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash
in the following.
If you haven’t already, start a roscore:
In another terminal, start the bridge:
ros2 run ros1_bridge dynamic_bridge
For more information on the bridge, read the tutorial.
If you would like to build your own packages, refer to the tutorial "Using Colcon to build packages".
If you installed your workspace with colcon as instructed above, “uninstalling” could be just a matter of opening a new terminal and not sourcing the workspace’s
file. This way, your environment will behave as though there is no Crystal install on your system.If you’re also trying to free up space, you can delete the entire workspace directory with:
rm -rf ~/ros2_crystal